Marshall plan

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Marshall plan

Visit Website Many cities, including some of the leading industrial and cultural centers of Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium, had been destroyed. Reports provided to Marshall suggested that some regions of the continent were on the brink of famine because agricultural and other food production had been disrupted by the fighting.

In fact, it could easily be argued that the only world power not structurally affected by the conflict had been the United States. The reconstruction coordinated under the Marshall Plan was formulated following a meeting of the participating European states in the latter half of Notably, invitations were extended to the Soviet Union and its satellite states.

However, they refused to join the effort, allegedly fearing U. What Was the Marshall Plan?

Marshall Plan | Summary and Significance |

The Marshall Plan provided aid to the recipients essentially on a per capita basis, with larger amounts given to major industrial powers, such as West Germany, France and Great Britain. This was based on the belief of Marshall and his advisors that recovery in these larger nations was essential to overall European recovery.

Still, not all participating nations benefitted equally. Nations such as Italy, who had fought with the Axis powers alongside Nazi Germany, and those who remained neutral e.

The notable exception was West Germany: In all, Great Britain received roughly one-quarter of the total aid provided under the Marshall Plan, while France was given less than one fifth of the funds. Impact of the Marshall Plan Interestingly, in the decades since its implementation, the true economic benefit of the Marshall Plan has been the subject of much debate.

Indeed, reports at the time suggest that, by the time the plan took effect, Western Europe was already well on the road to recovery. And, despite the significant investment on the part of the United States, the funds provided under the Marshall Plan accounted for less than 3 percent of the combined national incomes of the countries that received them.

This led to relatively modest growth of GDP in these countries during the four-year period the plan was in effect. Political Legacy of the Marshall Plan Politically, however, the legacy of the Marshall Plan arguably tells a different story. Given the refusal to participate on the part of the so-called Eastern Bloc of Soviet states, the initiative certainly reinforced divisions that were already beginning to take root on the continent.

The agency also, allegedly, financed an anti-communist insurgency in Ukraine, which at the time was a Soviet satellite state. As the designer of the plan, George C. Sources Department of State.

Office of the Historian. History of the Marshall Plan.The Marshall Plan (officially called the European Recovery Program [ERP]) was a plan of the United States for rebuilding the allied countries of Europe after World War II. One of the main reasons this was done was to stop communism (basically the USSR).

The Marshall Plan was very successful. The western European countries involved experienced a rise in their gross national products of 15 to 25 percent during this period.

The plan contributed greatly to the rapid renewal of the western European chemical, engineering, and steel industries.

Marshall plan

The Marshall plan was the U.S.-sponsored program implemented after the Second World War to help European countries that had been destroyed in the conflict.

The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism. The plan was in.

The Marshall Plan generated a resurgence of European industrialization and brought extensive investment into the region.

It was also a stimulant to the U.S. economy by establishing markets for American goods. The Marshall Plan (from its enactment, officially the European Recovery Program (ERP)), was the primary plan of the United States for rebuilding the allied countries of Europe and containing communism after World War II.

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